Bakra Eid or Eid-Al- Adha is a Muslim festival that commemorates and honors the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son for God. It is the holier of the two festivals of the Muslim community who also celebrate Eid Al-Fitr or Ramadan. In the lunar calendar that is followed by the Muslims, Eid Al-Adha falls on the 10th day of the final month, Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts up to the 13th day.
History Behind Bakra Eid
The history behind the Bakr-Eid, as it is also called in Urdu, the festival of sacrifice remembers the event in the life of Ibrahim where he underwent a trial to sacrifice the life of his son. Though the son’s name isn’t explicitly referred to in the Quran, the Muslims believe it to be Ishmael. Ibrahim faced the command from God to sacrifice Ishmael and during the preparation of this sacrifice, the Satan also tempts Ibrahim and his family to dissuade by throwing stones. This incident is commemorated by stoning symbolic pillars during the Hajj rites. When Ibrahim attempts to cut Ishmael’s throat, his son is unharmed and in his place, he finds a ram which was slaughtered.
Traditions and Practices
a. Prayers – Eid prayers are offered in congregation after the sun rises completely. Women also participate in the prayers in certain countries. At the end of the prayers, the Muslims embrace each other and exchange greetings.
b. Feast – In the memory of Bakr-Eid, Muslims sacrifice their best domestic animal, preferably a goat. The meat is divided into three shares of which one is retained by the family who sacrifices the animal. The other two shares are given to friends or relatives and to the poor/ needy.
c. Charity – The regular charitable practices of the Muslims continue for Bakr-Eid Hajj, the annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, is mostly followed by certain Muslims prior to the Eid Al- Adha. The pilgrimage is diligently expected to be followed by a healthy and financially fit Muslim at least once in their life time. In Saudi Arabia, prior to Bakr-Eid, Hajj is performed by affluent Muslim families, during which they slaughter animals and provide meat to the needy.
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Article Title: An Essay on Bakra Eid for Kids, Students and Youth
Article last re-published on January 9, 2017. Original.