India is a land of fasts and festivals. The Indian men and women observe these festivals throughout the year. These festivals are being observed from time immemorial.
Festivals and fairs have always been a part of India and will add to India’s color and integrity.
Every festival has some traditional or religious importance. Most days of the year there is a festival celebrated in some or the other parts of the country. Some festivals welcome the seasons of the year, the harvest, the rains or the full moon.
India is a land of great diversity. It described as a land of many religions and innumerable languages, it might well be described as a land of festivals as well. Indians love celebrating.
Every little occasion from the harvesting of crops, welcoming the spring or rain, to seeing the full moon lends itself to joyous celebrations splashed with colors, music, folk dances and songs.
Even the birthdays of divine beings are celebrated by connecting them with particular festivals.
The Indian calendar is one long procession of festivals. These are as varied in origin as they are large in number. India is a multilingual, multi-religious, multi-cultural nation.
National festivals like Republic Day, Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti and others are celebrated with great patriotic fervour.
Now-a-days they have been declared National Holidays, and are celebrated in all parts of the country and in the state capital with a lot of enthusiasm.
The capital Delhi is the sea of national celebrations on all occasions. One of the most majestic parades are held on Republic Day.
School children apart from the Armed Forces, also participate in the parade.
The Indian Society has been divided into various classes and groups is quite antagonistic, so much so that they are often found involved in conflicting quarrels which are only exercises in futility.
Muslim festivals, too, teach the same great lesson. The Id comes after Ramadan. Ramadan is a month of fast and prayer. The Id comes to ask us to lead a pure and holy life.
It teaches another lesson, too. There is no Id in life without Ramzan. That is, there is no joy without pain. Man must suffer first. Gold shines only when it is heated.
So, feasting comes only after fasting. The Id festival is also social in character. All types of people – great or small – meet at the same level. It creates a feeling of equality.
Festivals are the periods of celebration and are an important part of life of Indian people. When religion intervened to invest the festivals with spiritual meaning, this joy came to be identified with the joy of worship.
The Festivals of India are still associated with religion and participation in the productive activities and with the seasons of the year.
In India every country has its own festivals. Thus we can divide the festivals into three categories—national or political, religious and seasonal. Indian festivals have their origin either in religion or in the myths and legends of popular faith.
They are celebrated to remember those days and personalities who inspire people. These are the festivals which punctuate the seasons of the year.
Every festival has a social, religious and mythological value.
This is also an occasion to fight against all that is evil and establish truth. Similarly the Janmashtami festival has also a great religious and social significance. This is the occasion when Lord Krishna was born to kill Kansa and other demons and save the people from a great danger.
This festival also teaches us how to fight evil and falsehood and establish truth.