The Constitution of India is the major law in India.
A Constitution is a set of rules and regulations guiding the administration of a State.
The recommendations of the Motilal Nehru Committee and the decisions taken by the meeting of National Congress at Karachi enabled the need for the formation of a Constituent Assembly.
Our Constitution, which is a complex legal document, not only provides for the legal machinery but also defines and determines the relation between various institutions and the areas of operation for the executive, the legislature and the judiciary.
The Constitution of India prescribes a clear division of power between the Union and States by defining the legislative relations, administrative relations and financial relations.
The Constitution of India is a document that establishes the political values, the powers of government and the rights of the citizens of the country.
It is the supreme law of India and is used by the prime minister, his cabinet of ministers and the courts to govern the country.
The leaders of independent India realized that this new code would need to take into consideration the diversity of the land.
They used the existing British model of government to set up a new framework that catered to the needs of the various communities of India.
The Indian Constitution, which stands for national goals like Democracy, Socialism, Secularism and National Integration, was framed by the representatives of Indian people after a long period of debates and discussions.
It is the most detailed constitution in the world. No other constitution has gone into such minute details as the Indian Constitution.
It is, by no means a rigid Constitution, which is evident by the fact that it has already undergone 92 Amendments till April 2004.
Everything that the ruling party needs to know is laid out in the constitution – how many members of parliament, the number of states, the rights of the central government and the rights of the state governments, the fundamental rights and duties of citizens and so on. These are framed keeping in mind that India must always remain a sovereign, secular, socialist, democratic republic.
The Constitution of India begins with a Preamble which contains the basic ideals and principles of the Constitution.
It lays down the objectives of the frames of the Constitution. The Constitution contains 395-Articles and 12 Schedules.
A number of amendment passed have also become a part of this Constitution.
The Constitution declares India to be a Sovereign, Secular, Socialist, and Democratic Republic. At the same time, India has federal features.
The powers of the government are divided between the centred government and the state governments.
The Constitution demarcates the powers of the central and estate governments into different lists of subjects.