The Indian National Congress founded in 1885 was the institutionalized form of emergent Indian nationalism.
The birth of the Indian National Congress was not a sudden event or a historical accident but the result of a gradual effort of a number of educated Indians of Bengal and other regions who were very much dissatisfied and disgusted by the exploitative nature of the alien British rule.
It was formed with the purpose of getting a few more posts for Indians in the services and greater share in administration of the country.
Gradually, it changed its aim and in 1929, it passed the resolution for complete independence.
The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885 with the objective of prevailing a bigger share in government for enlightened Indians.
Initially, however, it was not established to oppose the British rule. Once a year, the Congress met during the month of December.
With the approval of the then-Viceroy, Lord Dufferin, a Scotsman and Allan Octavian Hume, the first meet was held in Mumbai. The first President of INC was Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee.
As time passed the demands of the Congress became more radical and the party turned very active in the independence movement. Radicalism resulted into division within the party.
The Congress was divided into the Garam Dal of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, or Extremists, and the Naram Dal of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, or Moderates.
After independence the Congress, hitherto an all-embracing national movement, was transformed into a political party.
Under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister (1947–1964), it retained the character of an eclectic political organization with a wide range of positions.
The Congress controlled 70 percent of seats in parliament and held power in most states between 1951 and 1967.
Indian National Congress, byname Congress Party, broadly based political party of India. Formed in 1885, the Indian National Congress dominated the Indian movement for independence from Great Britain.
It subsequently formed most of India’s governments from the time of independence and often had a strong presence in many state governments.
In the 1971 national elections and the 1972 state elections Gandhi’s faction won strong victories, but, in a reaction against her emergency rule, it lost the election of 1977.
It was the first time the Congress had lost government control since independence. Gandhi returned to power in the 1980 elections, called when the opposition coalition disintegrated.
The aims of the National Congress were declared to be the promotion of friendly relations between nationalist political workers from different parts the country, development and consolidation of the feeling of Rational unity irrespective of caste, religion or province, formulation.
The Indian National Congress was not the only channel through which the stream of nationalism flowed.
Provincial conferences, vicinal and local associations, and nationalist newspapers were the other prominent organs of the growing nationalist movement.