With over 91 million inhabitants, the state of West Bengal is the fourth largest state in India by population. It is located in Eastern India. The state is spread over a land of 34,267 sq mi and bordered by three countries, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Odisha, Bihar, Assam, Sikkim, and Jharkhand are also having border with West Bengal.
The state of West Bengal was earlier known as Vanga and ruled by several governments, and dynasties. However, the history is only available from the Gupta period. The importance of West Bengal increased after the British East India company took over the charge of the region.
There are 20 districts in West Bengal, namely: Bankura, Bardhaman, Birbhum, East Midnapore (Purba Medinipur), Hooghly, Purulia, and West Midnapore (Paschim Medinipur). Cooch Behar, Darjeeling, Alipurduar, Jalpaiguri, Malda, North Dinajpur (Uttar Dinajpur), and South Dinajpur (Dakshin Dinajpur). Howrah, Kolkata, Murshidabad, Nadia, North 24 Parganas (Uttar 24 Parganas), and South 24 Parganas (Dakshin 24 Parganas).
Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal is one of the most important cities in India for economic growth of the country. It is also the largest city in the state of West Bengal. The city has a large number of business houses, and considered important business hub of India.
Bengali, English, and Nepali are the official languages of West Bengal. However, Bengali and English are widely accepted and used in major districts of West Bengal.
The high court of West Bengal is located in Kolkata and known as ‘Calcutta High Court’.
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Article Title: An Essay on West Bengal State for Students, Kids and Children
Article last re-published on January 3, 2017. Original.