Indira Gandhi, fondly remembered as the Iron Lady of India, was born on November 19 th 1971 to Kamala Nehru and Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India. She was mostly alone in her childhood as her father Pandit Nehru was away due to his involvement in political activities. Indira’s mother was mostly bed ridden and suffered an early death due to the infliction of tuberculosis. Her contact to her father was mostly through the letters that Nehru wrote to Indira.
Indira Nehru was home tutored but also managed to attend various schools till her Matriculation education in cities like Delhi, Allahabad and Mumbai. She later moved to Shatiniketan for her higher education and she was named Priyadarshini by Rabindranath Tagore there. Due to her mother’s illness, she had to leave Shantiniketan and move to Europe. Hence she continued her education in the University of Oxford where she excelled in history, political science and economics. She returned to India in 1941 due to health issues thereby disrupting her education at Oxford.
She met her husband, Feroze Gandhi, during her stay in Great Britain. Feroze was studying in the London School of Economics. They were married in Allahabad according to Parsi customs.
Indira Gandhi began her political journey in the 1950s as a Personal Assistant to her father, then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. Towards the late 1950s, she was the President of the Congress and was instrumental in gaining the ruling power in the state of Kerala. She went on to become the Leader of the party after Lal Bahadur Shastri’s death with the assistance of Kamaraj from Tamil Nadu.
She was elected as the First Woman Prime Minister of India in 1966 and started her journey in making India, a super power in South Asia. Her five year plans became famous and her social reforms for women were gaining momentum. It was during her regime that the Green Revolution to self-provide during famine and droughts, enabled food security and helped the farmers to a large extent. It was during her tenure that India went through a period of emergency and civil liberties were suspended. Operation Blue Star spear headed by Mrs. Gandhi, resulted in a huge massacre of the Sikhs, and also resulted in the assassination of an able administrator and the first woman Prime Minister of India.
On the morning of 31st October, 1984, Mrs. Gandhi was assassinated by two of her body guards, in the garden of her residence in New Delhi. They shot her down with their service weapons and Indira was declared dead in the afternoon of October 31st, 1984
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Article Title: An Essay on Indira Gandhi for Students, Kids, Youth and Children
Article last re-published on January 7, 2017. Original.