Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2 nd October, 1904 in Mughalsarai, Varanasi to Sharada Prasad Shrivastav and Ramdulari Devi. When he was just one his father passed away, therefore he went to live with his maternal grandfather but alas his grandfather also passed away after a little while. Shastriji or ‘Nanhe’ (as they called him at home) continued his education with perseverance despite facing such losses.
He did not come from a family of freedom fighters but with the help of his high school teacher Nishkameshwar Mishra, he educated himself with books from various freedom fighters. Shastriji was inspired by this therefore dropped out of government school at 10 th standard to join the non-cooperative movement but was jailed and released immediately, as he was a minor. This stunt brought him to the eye of J.B. Kripalani, ex-lecturer at Benaras Hindu University, who helped him gain first-class bachelor’s degree in philosophy and ethic, hence earning him the tile ‘shastri’ that was permanently attached to his name.
Shastriji married Lalita Devi on 16 May 1928 and had 6 children of whom only his second son, Anil Shastri followed his footsteps and joined congress.
After completion of his education Shastriji became an integral part of the Indian freedom struggle against the British, as he became an active member of congress in 1928. He participated in many movements like Salt Satyagraha and was even sent to jail for a year in 1940.
After independence Shastriji became a part of the newly established politics as a state minister, then cabinet minister. And in 1964 after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, Shastriji became the second prime minister of India. He maintained domestic peace by assuring that English will be the first language, thereby creating equality among Hindi and non-Hindi speaking citizens. Shastriji greatly helped the newly emerging India to establish its economic condition by focusing on farmers and villages.
During the Indo-Pak war of 1965 he gave a great slogan, ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ (Hail the soldier, Hail the farmer), that helped the country emerge as a united front in the hard time of war. He maintained peace and friendly relations with many foreign countries.
On 10 January 1966 in Tashkent after signing the Tashkent Declaration with then Pakistan president Mohammed Ayub Khan, Shastriji passed away at 2.00 on the same day due to heart attack.
-Essay Ends Here-
Important Note: This essay on Lal Bahadur Shastri could be useful for the students of class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. However, we do not allow this essay to be copied by students or other website owners. It is strictly prohibited.
Read Also: An Essay on Republic Day of India
If you are looking for this essay in Hindi, Gujarati, English (US, UK), Telugu, Marathi, Kannada, Sanskrit, and other regional languages, then please visit online translation tool.
Article Title: An Essay on Lal Bahadur Shastri for Students, Kids and Children
Article last re-published on January 3, 2017. Original.