Essay on Urban Community – The City: The urban community’ means the city community. “The history of every civilisation is the history, not of its countryside, but of its cities and towns.
One of the broadcasts and most revealing of all social contracts is exhibited by the differences of urban and rural life.
This contrast is one of social environment. It divides community organization in two broad types-the urban and the rural. For many centuries city and country are two general types of human habitation.
However, we must remember that rural and urban depict modes of community life, not simply geographical locations.
The most obvious feature of the country-life is its relative isolation. To a great extent, it is the semi-isolation of the family. The family in the rural pattern tends to grow self-controlled and to a large extent psychologically self- sufficient.
Family customs are more deeply rooted and it may not be an exaggeration to say that custom rules over a rural dweller and for fashion he has little use.
Though his contacts with the outside community are few and far between, his contact within his limited community are intimate. He directly co-operates or directly conflicts.
The main occupation of rural dweller is agriculture in some cases fishing. This occupation keeps him in constant contact with nature. He does not see nature with a detached attitude of an artist but for him nature is a friend and an enemy.
He is therefore inclined to view nature as animate. This reflects on his mentality as well as his social attitudes.
Thirdly, the work of countrymen is conspicuously unspecialized. The round of daily duties for the farmer’s wife is variegated. She does farm work gardening, animal feeding, milking cooking etc.
The role of country dweller in social life is fixed and so also his thoughts and aspirations. The country- farmer’s mode of living is frugal and simple. He does not keep us appearances his neighbourhood is narrower and his contacts fewer.
As distinguished from a retaliate the mode or urban life is more competitive. An urbanite has more incentives to ambition. He is confronted with problems arising out of social proximity and acute social contrasts. He has also to face social mobility.
His contacts are wider. The work of an urbanite is highly specialized. The city life is based on modern technological advances which Ural and urban communities makes an urbanite more dependent on machines.
The urban community on the other hand reflects multiplicity of social contacts, the diversity of social codes, specialized urban world. The city family is less engrossing. The urban pattern differs more of choice to the individual. Competitiveness and high specialization are the peculiar characteristics which distinguish an urban pattern.