Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India, situated on the southeastern coast of the country. The state is the eighth largest state in India covering an area of 160,205 km2. As per 2011 census of India, the state is tenth largest by population with 49,386,799 inhabitants. On 2 June 2014, the the north-western portion of the state was bifurcated to form a new state of Telangana.
The study of history reveals that major portion of the southern India (Dakshina Padham) was extended by Andhra region. Several dynasties ruled over this part of the country.
Andhra Pradesh has a wide variety of wildlife and natural beauty. As one travels in the state, one can find diverse landscapes, from a lush coastal area to a dry deciduous forest to a mangrove belt.
The state has three main physiographic regions: the coastal plain to the east, extending from the Bay of Bengal to the mountain ranges; the mountain ranges themselves, the Eastern Ghats, which form the western flank of the coastal plain; and, in the southwest, the plateau to the west of the Ghats.
The other attractions of these two states (which were one state until they split in 2014) are less brazen, but dig around and you will unearth gems – like the wonderful medieval temple sculptures of Palampet, the beauty of ancient Buddhist sites such as Sankaram and Guntupalli hidden in deep countryside.
The state has well-developed social, physical and industrial infrastructure and virtual connectivity. It also has good power, airport, IT and port infrastructure. At current prices, Andhra Pradesh’s Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) was estimated at US$ 77.2 billion over 2012-13. Between 2004-05 and 2012-13, the average annual GSDP growth rate was 15.2 per cent.
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Teluguis a richly developed language and the biggest linguistic unit in India, second only to Hindi. Linguistically, the language has deviated a good deal from its southern sisters – Kannada, Tamil and Malayalam. It’s an old one too, with origins as early as the 1st century AD, or perhaps even before as one of the later Vedas (700BC) mention the Andhras, another name for the people of Andhra Pradesh.
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The proposed capital city of Amaravati is located in central Andhra Pradesh, somewhere between two main cities – Guntur and Vijayawada. The name of the proposed capital is derived from the ancient city of Amaravati, which is also located in the same region. The Andhra cabinet not only approved the name of the capital but also gave the nod to the master plan (first phase) prepared by the government agencies of Singapore.