An Essay on Telangana State for College and School Students

Telangana is a state in southern India. It has an area of 114,840 km2 and is the twelfth largest state in India. Most of it was part of the princely state of Hyderabad (Medak and Warangal Divisions), ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad during the British Raj, joining the Union of India in 1948. In 1956, the Hyderabad state was dissolved as part of the linguistic re-organisation of states, and the Telugu speaking part of Hyderabad state, known as Telangana, was merged with former Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh.

Telangana State Map
Telangana State Map

Two main rivers Godavari and Krishna flow through Telangana region. Telangana consists of three major National parks namely Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park in Hyderabad district, Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park and Mrugavani National Park in Ranga Reddy district.

Telangana is a region comprising 10 of Andhra Pradesh’s 23 districts. Originally, the region was a part of the erstwhile Nizam’s princely state of Hyderabad. In 1948, India put an end to the rule of the Nizams and a Hyderabad state was formed. In 1956, the Telangana part of Hyderabad was merged with the Andhra state.

The first Telangana movement intensified in 1969. There was a distinct difference between Andhra and Telangana regions. Since Andhra was part of a colonial Madras Presidency, education levels and development of this region were better than in feudal Telangana. People from Telangana were against merger with Andhra state as they feared they would lose jobs to them.

An official declaration was made by the government on 1 March 2014 that a separate state of Telangana will come into existence on 2 June 2014 and it will be considered as the 29th state of India. Telangana and Andhra were also divided on the basis of Parliamentary and assembly constituency. After the formation, Telangana will get 17 Lok Sabha and 119 assembly constituencies. The elections for the Lok Sabha and assembly seats took place in 2014.

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Best time to visit Telangana is between End of October and Mid of March. During This Period of time weather is Cold, pleasant and exhilarating. This State Receive an average rainfall is between 700 mm to 900 mm per year in Southern Telangana and 900 mm to 1500 mm per year in Northern Telangana.